All our items are accurately described and any damage or imperfection would be noted in “observations” field. If no comments there, the piece is defect-free.

Abbreviations: MNH mint never hinged / MH mint hinged / MNG mint no gum / U used / SS souvenir sheet. Rarity grades: S: Scarce / R: Rare / RR: Very Rare / RRR: Extremely Rare.

Descriptions & additional pictures: we provide high resolution extra images for every lot, featuring obverse & reverse. So no claims will be accepted for possible undescribed defects shown in pictures.

Payments: we accept all major credit and debit cards through PayPal and Bank Transfer.

Reference catalogues:

For Spanish Stamps:
Edifil: Edifil & Edifil Especializado

For World Stamps:

Y&T: Yvert & Tellier

For Spanish Civil War Stamps & Postal History:

Alemany: Luis Alemany Indarte: Fiscales Españoles, Estudio y catalogación de los timbres fiscales españoles incluída su utilización postal, Edifil 2008.

Allepuz: Julio Allepuz: Catálogo de los sellos locales dela Guerra CivilEspañola, 1936-1939, Ed. Edifil, 7 vols.

Domenech: José Vicente Domènec: Viñetas Políticas Republicanas dela Guerra CivilEspañola, Afinet 2012.

Galvez: Manuel Gálvez: Catálogo Especializado Gálvez de los Sellos de España, 1960.

GG or Gomez Guillamon: Félix Gómez-Guillamón: The Republican Political Labels (1936-1939), Spanish Philatelic Society Bookclub Nr. 18, 1988.

Heller Rep.: Ernst L. Heller: Marcas utilizadas por la censura republicana durantela Guerra CivilEspañola, Ed. Filatelia Hobby, 1995.

Heller Nac.: Ernst L. Heller: Marcas utilizadas porla Censurapostal Nacional de1936 a1945, Ed. Filatelia Hobby, 2000.

Heller Brig.: Ernst L. Heller: La historia y el servicio postal dela Brigadas Internacionales, Ed. Lindner Filatélica Ibérica, 2007.